Wednesday, January 14

Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss is dead

Norwegian philosopher, writer and mountaineer Arne Næss, best known for launching the concept of Deep Ecology has died at the age of 96. The deep ecology concept is promoting the idea that Earth as a planet has as much right as its inhabitants, such as humans, to survive and flourish.

His philosophical work focused on Spinoza, Buddhism and Gandhi. He earned a doctorate at the University of Oslo at age 27 and was the youngest person to be appointed full professor at the University of Oslo.

Næss argued for abstaining from the following to make discussions as fruitful and pleasant as possible:
  1. Avoiding tendentious irrelevance
    Examples: Personal attacks, claims of opponents' motivation, explaining reasons for an argument.
  2. Avoiding tendentious reciting
    Reproductions should be neutral regarding the subject of the debate.
  3. Avoiding tendentious ambiguity
    Ambiguous arguments may be easily adopted to suit criticism.
  4. Avoiding tendentious use of straw men
    Assigning views to the opponent that he or she does not hold.
  5. Avoiding tendentious original research
    Information put forward should never be untrue or incomplete, and one should not withhold any relevant information.
  6. Avoiding tendentious tone of voice
    Examples: irony, sarcasm, pejoratives, exaggeration, subtle (or open) threats.

For many years these points were part of the two compulsory courses in philosophy taught in Norwegian universities ("Examen philosophicum" and "Examen facultatum").

I first became aware of Arne Næss during the Mardøla protest in 1970 and through his activity in "Fremtiden i våre hender" and his book "Økologi, samfunn og Livsstil" (1974).

I will recommend his book Life's philosophy: reason and feeling in a deeper world where he in his preface states:

The book (text found her at Google), is based upon his Norwegian version from 1998, the year of my transplantations. This book "Livsfilosofi" meant a lot for me in my recovery process.

Parts of the book is written at his cabin Tverrgastein under Hallingskarvet and I visited this beautiful place (seen uphills behind me) in 2002.


Reader Wil said...

This book written by Arne Naess must be the kind of book that appeals to my moral sense. At least I agree with the 6 statements you wrote down. He was probably a man of peace and a good listener to the arguments of others. May be I am wrong, but it felt that way.
How are you, Arne? I have been thinking of you after you told us about your experiences in hospital.

Reader Wil said...

Thanks for your visit and comment. I hope that your eye operation goes smoothly.

Anemone said...

Virkelig en mann en kan respektere både for dette og hint!! En av mine favoritter også dette ja, uten tvil :-) søt var han jo også på sine gamle dager, som en liten maskot, men du og du for en filosof...

Men fikk aldri noe svar på hva RIP er???

GundaM said...

Javisst en stor mann på mange måter dette. En mann moder jord kunne trengt flere av...

Tenkte her idag på at ejg kunne skrive et eller annet om den store mann, men du vet jeg angrer meg jo slik i etterkant ;0)

Takk for morgenvisittene inne hos meg Arne ;)Synd du ikke kjener duften av kaffe der inne....

ANNA-LYS said...

A truly great thinker!!!!

R.I.P. Arne Naess

A true fan,